Smart cities are no longer a dream. The urban and environmental development of local environments through information technologies is already part of the daily life of large cities.
The use of wireless networks and storage in the cloud allows administrations and companies to systematize an increasing number of processes. As shown, a button: if a lamp is able to automatically determine the need for its operation based on the level of light, it will produce an economic and energy saving every day … forever.
In an increasingly global world, 54% of the world’s population already lives in cities, and this proportion is expected to exceed 65% by 2050. It therefore seems necessary to optimize resources and seek sustainable solutions to achieve levels of solvency that affect the quality of life of its residents without overburdening their resources.
Thanks to the increasingly innovative and everyday internet solutions, local governments can take advantage of mobile technologies to connect and improve the infrastructure, efficiency, comfort and quality of life of residents and tourists.
The application of internet of Things
The internet of things is a concept that is based on the interconnection of everyday objects through the network. Applied to the cities, it is one of the fundamental bases for the social and technological development through the analysis and the administration of data in real time with the purpose of helping municipalities, companies and citizens to make instantaneous decisions that can automate certain processes. The applications of the internet of things, through hosting in the cloud allow people to interact with the ecosystems of smart cities using smartphones and mobile devices. And also through applications of their own cars and homes, as long as they are connected.
Pairing these devices with data networks, physical infrastructures and the services of a smart city can reduce costs and help sustainability. Communities can improve energy distribution, rationalize garbage collection, reduce traffic congestion and even improve air quality. And something else, as these applications improve it is expected that they can be used in a greater number of elements. Here, it is difficult to see the end of the road because most of the fields will be able to be improved almost indefinitely.
For example, in a digitized environment traffic lights can receive data from sensors and cars that adjust the cadence of light and time to respond to traffic in real time, thus reducing congestion on the route. Connected cars can communicate with parking lots and direct drivers to the nearest available location. Smart garbage bins automatically send the data to the waste management companies and schedule the collection as needed instead of a previously planned calendar.
The citizens’ smartphone becomes their mobile driver’s license and identification card, which speeds up and simplifies government services. Together, these possible technologies in smart cities will make it possible to optimize infrastructures, mobility, public services and utilities at the same time.